Copyright at Georgian

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Library & Academic Success

Library &<br/>Academic Success



This guide was designed solely for informational purposes for Georgian College students, faculty & staff.

All other users are encouraged to check and confirm the information with their institution.

This site is prepared by library staff and is not reviewed by legal counsel.

Copyright in your student work

As a student, your main copyright challenge is to ensure you properly cite all sources you use in your school work!

Why do we need to cite, anyway?

Why should we cite?

You need to cite to ensure...

  • You give credit to the original authors/sources of information and avoid plagiarism
  • Your readers can quickly access your original sources
  • You add credibility to your assignments and help prove your arguments.

Colleges/Universities, subject areas and professions select and use a standard method of citation. Be sure to check with your Professor on what method to use.


Copyright vs. Plagiarism

this is a venn diagram on the left side plagiarism is when you don't say where you took it from. The right side copyright infringement is when you take it without permission and the use is not allowed by the copyright act. The intersection between the two is both, when your use is not permitted by the copyright act and you pass it off as your work

Image permission provided by Sheridan College Library.

Copyright Infringement  Plagiarism  Both Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism 
Copy an entire article, upload it and share it online.  Copy a paragraph from an article in your assignment and not credit it.  Copy an entire article or paragraph and pretend you wrote it. 
Copy an entire book and provide credit to the author.  Copy a paragraph from a book and include it in your assignment and not credit it.  Copy an entire book and pretend you wrote it. 
Copy an image and not include credit to the creator.  Copy the image into your assignment and not include an in-text citation or reference list entry.   Copy the image into your assignment and pretend you created it.  
Copy the entire text from a website but and provide credit to the author.   Copy a paragraph from a website in your assignment.  Copy the entire text or paragraph from a website and pretend you wrote it.  


Fair Dealing

Fair Dealing

Please contact the Library for guidance in the application of this exception.  

Fair Dealing is an exception in the Copyright Act. Sections 29, 29.1 and 29.2 state a work used for the purpose of research, private study, education, parody or satire, criticism, review, and news reporting does not infringe copyright. To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed.

  1. The first test is that the "dealing" must be for a purpose stated in the Copyright Act. This includes research, private study, education, parody or satire, criticism, review, and news reporting. Educational use of a copyright-protected work passes the first test.
  2. The second test requires that the dealing must be considered "fair". In landmark decisions made in 2004 and 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada provided guidance as to what this test means in educational institutions. The six factors for this test are:
    1. The purpose of the dealing.
    2. The character of the dealing.
    3. The amount of the dealing.
    4. The availability of alternatives to the dealing.
    5. The nature of the copyright-protected work.
    6. The effect of dealing on the copyright-protected work. 

Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity

Library and Academic Success is an active supporter and partner of Georgian's philosophy on academic integrity and Georgian's Academic Integrity policy.

Georgian's philosophy on academic integrity states:

Academic integrity arises from a system of shared values and responsibilities. The ability of Georgian College to achieve its mission of exceptional teaching and learning, maintain the credibility of its credentials, and uphold the rights of honest students, depends on communities of integrity. Teaching, learning, and conducting research with integrity ensures that learning is authentic and supports the development of professional autonomy and social responsibility. Therefore, all members of the Georgian College community (students, alumni, staff, faculty and administrators) make a commitment to work together to embrace a fair and respectful culture that supports institutional, intellectual, scholarly and professional integrity.

Supreme Court decisions

Supreme Court decisions

The Supreme Court of Canada provides guidance for educational institutions that include:

  • Short excerpts from a copyright-protected work may be used by teachers, instructors, professors, and staff members in paper or electronic form for the purposes of research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire, or parody.
  • When using the short excerpt for news reporting, criticism, or review you must mention the source and, if given in the source, the name of the author or creator of the work.
  • A copy of a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work may be provided or communicated to each student enrolled in a class or course
    • as a class handout
    • as a posting to a learning or course management system that is password protected or otherwise restricted to students of the College

A short excerpt may mean:

  • up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work)
  • one chapter from a book
  • a single article from a periodical
  • an entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works
  • an entire newspaper article or page
  • an entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical scores
  • an entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or similar reference work

No copies may be made of the following:

  • Unpublished works
  • Proprietary workbooks, work cards, assignment sheets, tests or examination papers
  • Instruction manuals
  • Newsletters with restricted circulation to a fee-paying clientele
  • Business cases which are made available for purchase

Content that is posted and shared within Blackboard is intended for educational purposes for students enrolled in the course for the duration of the course only. Permission to share, post, or copy it elsewhere must be provided by the copyright holder, otherwise, it is a violation of Copyright.

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