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APA (7th ed.) Citing Guide: 6th to 7th

APA 7th Edition

This guide is representative of the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA and focuses on a student paper structure.

APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.

Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.

Effective September 2020.

APA Workshop Materials

Major Changes From APA 6th to APA 7th Edition:

  • no running head on a student paper
  • a variety of fonts are allowable; use the same font throughout your paper;check with your professor for font specifics; See Publication Manual Section 2.19.
  • number of authors included in a reference list entry has increased to 20; See Publication Manual Section 10 for reference list examples and Section 8 for in-text citation examples.
  • place of publication no longer part of a book/reference work reference list entry
  • "Retrieved from" statement is used in specific cases and includes a retrieval date. See Publication Manual Section 9.16.
  • "doi:" statement no longer used; doi active link is listed, e.g. 
  • no page numbers listed for conference proceedings
  • person or group who uploaded the video, e.g. YouTube, is credited as the author even if they did not create the work; only include screen name if it is included
  • information found on a website is not always referenced as online media; if there is a defined category like journal, magazine, news, conference proceeding, blog, use the reference list entry format for that category not online media

Missing Information

When information to create the reference list entry is missing, see APA Style website or the Publication Manual, Table 9.1. Examples are also provided for the in-text citation to match the reference list entry with missing elements.

The APA Manual

Web Resources