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APA (6th ed.) Citing Guide

APA examples are not exhaustive & focus on referencing & citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested. The library is not responsible for errors, omissions, or interpretation.

APA 6th Edition

This guide is representative of the 6th edition Publication Manual of APA.

APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.

Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.

Effective October 1, 2019.


Georgian will be adopting the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA in September 2020. (posted February 24, 2020)

Getting Started

APA reference page entries for visual images such as photographs, created images and advertisements will usually contain:

  • Photographer or creator's name
  • Date
  • Title
  • Web address (URL) of image
  • A product name
  • Slogan or advertisement name
Something is missing

Something is missing

What to do if information (such as date or author) is missing for your APA citation.

Something is missing

Where do I find

Where do I find?

Learn how to find the author, date, title and publication information.

Where do I find ...?

Images & photos

When citing an image from a website, attempt to use the same basic format as an article or other document. In the example of this National Geographic image, the photographer's name and date are clearly shown, simplifying the process of citing.

Photo including Photograhper's name and date.
Screenshot source: Motohashi, J. (2014). Bright eye. National Geographic photo of the day. Retrieved from

Reference page entry:

Motohashi, J. (2014). Bright eye. National Geographic photo of the day. Retrieved from

In-text citation:

(Motohashi, 2014)

Note: If the photographer's name is not available, use the image title.

Google Images is a fast and efficient way to search large numbers of images on the web. However, when citing a Google image, you must follow standard APA guidelines. To do so:

  • Click the link on the image and "Visit page" to view it on it's original page
  • Create the APA citation based on the image on it's original page
  • Do not cite Google Images

Google Image search results for "therapy dogs" visual example
Screenshot source: Google Images

To use the first image, click on the image in Google Images. Some of the info about the image may be contained on the Google Images enlarged view page

Google Images "Preview" or enlarged version of image
Screenshot source: Google Images

But be sure to actually visit the webpage that the image appears on - to look for a date, photographer, etc.

Reference page entry for this image:

How can a therapy dog help? (2014). Therapy Dogs United - About us. Retrieved from

In-text citation:

(Therapy Dogs United, 2014)


A figure may be a chart, graph, photograph, drawing, or any other illustration (APA, 2008).

Reference page entry:

Artist, A. A.. (date work created). Title of work [medium/description]. Retrieved from


Harris, L. S. (1924). Lake Superior III [Painting]. Retrieved from

For more information about referring to a figure in your paper, please see the APA manual, 6th edition sections: 5.20 Principles of Figure Use and Construction - 5.30 Figure Checklist. Particular note: 5.21 Types of Figures, 5.23 Figure Legends, 5.29 Photographs and 5.30 Figure Checklist.

  Please remember to check with your professor for specific requirements. 


You can also cite a poster or printed materials you find on a bulletin board or other location. Here's an example of a poster you might find and want to cite:

Image source: Shout | Stick it to Fast Food:

Reference page entry:

Stick it to fast food (2014, April). What's in a big mac? Poster presented on bulletin board at Georgian College, Barrie, Ont.

In-text citation:

(Stick it to fast food, 2014)

You can also cite a magazine advertisement. Here's an example of a printed ad you might find and want to cite:

Reference page entry:

Golf Town. (2014, July). Anything for golf. Golf Magazine, 56(7), 63.

In-text citation:

(Golf Town, 2014)