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APA Writing & Citing Guide

APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek assistance from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references. The library is not responsible for errors, omissions or problems of interpretation. Last Updated

APA 6th Edition

This guide is representative of the 6th edition Publication Manual of APA.

Effective October 1, 2019.

When to use other citation styles

Check your assignment!

  • Assignment outlines and/or rubrics usually specify what citation style you should be using
  • Check carefully
  • A citation style other than APA is sometimes required

Always check with your Professor for exact details and for clarification.


Some subject areas or courses may require you to use Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style. Here are some resources to help you with MLA citation.

Legal Citation

Please check with your professor to determine how case law, legislation, and other legal information should be cited in your assignment. If you're asked to use the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation (a.k.a. the "McGill Guide"), you can consult the guide at most library locations.

University of British Columbia (UBC) Law - Legal Citation Guide provides examples of legal citations using the McGill guide (Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation)

Dalhousie University McGill Citation Style Guide