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APA (6th ed.) Writing & Citing Guide

APA examples are not exhaustive & focus on referencing & citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested. The library is not responsible for errors, omissions, or interpretation.

APA 6th Edition

This guide is representative of the 6th edition Publication Manual of APA.

APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.

Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.

Effective October 1, 2019.

Using Citation Generators

Wait - citation generators frequently cause errors. Check your citations!Many Library databases, including MultiSearch, can help you generate a basic APA citation. There are also citation generators available on the web that can also be helpful. However...

Any automatically generated citation has the potential to contain errors.

You must check the citation carefully to avoid errors.

Watch for problems such as:

  • Capitalizing Every Word In The Article Title or using ALL CAPS

Watch out for wrong capitalization for APA reference list entries.

  • Not abbreviating the author's first name eg: Thomas, John instead of Thomas, J.
  • Switching the order of elements in the citation

Please consult the Writing Centre or your Professor for more help