The 5Rs of OER present slightly different challenges for effective attribution when compared to the standard academic writing procedures (quote, paraphrase, summarize & cite).
When working with OER sources, we need to credit the original creators/authors of the materials, while also making sure that we mark our own work effectively.
Chart from "How to Attribute Creative CommonsPhotos" by fotor is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
As OERs are reused and adapted, it can become difficult to keep track of the original sources. Just as you would cite and reference as you work on a paper, add attribution and citations as you work on your OER.
This page will provide some suggestions on best practices, as well as examples and further resources.
When REUSING Creative Commons licensed information, you are required to provide attribution to the original source.
Best practices: Sample attribution for a source you REUSED
Using the TASL (Title, Author, Source, License) rule, try to provide the following info:
This work, "REUSING CC Sources", is a derivative of "Best practices for attribution" by Creative Commons used under CC BY 4.0.
When ADAPTING Creative Commons licensed information, you are required to provide attribution to the original source. Remember:
Best practices: Sample attribution for a source you ADAPTED (from Creative Commons guidelines)
Provide the following info:
If your own CC license selection is listed elsewhere on the page, you can omit the the author as it's listed/provided elsewhere.
Include your own info first and a statement about the work you adapted:
This work, "Adapting CC Sources", is a derivative of "Best practices for attribution" by Creative Commons used under CC BY 4.0.
Sources that are in the Public Domain or licensed under CC0 are available to reuse, revise, remix, redistribute and retain.
Best practices for use in your OER:
Sample CC Attribution statement:
Sample APA reference:
Sample APA in-text citation (place in-text):
Source: Wintec Library. (2021, September 22). How do I reference a creative commons image? In APA 7th Edition Referencing Guide1. Retrieved September 22, 2021 from https://libguides.wintec.ac.nz/APA7/creative-commons-images#s-lg-box-wrapper-25341075
If you are REPRODUCING Copyrighted content in your OER (eg: an article, image or infographic for which you don't own the Copyright), you will want to ensure copyright compliance.
Best practices for adding a REPRODUCTION of copyright material to your OER:
Citing & Referencing copyrighted material:
Consider sources & Select a license for your OER:
If you are ADAPTING or CREATING a larger OER project, such as a textbook or set of modules, you will likely need to mix different sources which may have different copyright/CC licenses applied to them.
Best practices when mixing/re-mixing multiple sources with multiple licenses
There are a number of ways to provide attribution and referencing in Pressbooks. Here are some of the most common choices:
Interactive activities created through eCampus Ontario's H5P studio are automatically assigned a CC license when published. However, the information about your item is not automatically displayed with your activity when published. This is not a problem if you are posting your H5P items within Blackboard.
If you use your H5P items in Pressbooks or on another website, enable the Rights of Use information so that proper attribution can be given to your work!
To enable "Rights of Use" on your H5P activity:
Click the "Metadata" flag/button right beside the title of your item
Screenshot source: eCampus Ontario H5P studio - edit screen.
Fill out the information on the popup and be sure to indicate any sources. Additionally, if you are adding images into your H5P activity, you will now be asked for licensing information, which will also appear in the Rights of Usage link.
This guide was designed solely for informational purposes for Georgian College students, faculty & staff.
All other users are encouraged to check and confirm the information with their institution.
This site is prepared by library staff and is not reviewed by legal counsel.