Anishinaabe bundle of pipe, drum, eagle feather, smudging vessel

"Anishinaabe Bundle Items" by Tiffany McCue, Used with permission.


Land Acknowledgements

The land and all creatures who live on, in, and above it are sacred to Indigenous people. Land offers a place to live, take shelter, gather food, be healed, and to find meaning and peace. As Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of Turtle Island (North America), we acknowledge the communities and nations that were here first and continue to live on this land.

Land acknowledgements are a way to express our personal connections to the land, to acknowledge the history of the land and the people who lived on it, and to develop and nurture relationships with those who are currently here.

Georgian College acknowledges that all campuses are situated on the traditional land of the Anishnaabeg  people. The Anishnaabeg include the Odawa, Ojibwe, and Pottawatomi nations, collectively known as the Three Fires Confederacy. Georgian College is dedicated to honouring Indigenous history and culture and committed to moving forward in the spirit of reconciliation and respect with all First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people.


Learn more about the land you live on:

Residential Schools

Residential schools and Indian boarding schools existed across Canada from the early 1800s to 1996 when the last residential school closed in Saskatchewan.


Treaties are agreements between nations. They exist between Indigenous nations like the Dish with One Spoon treaty. As well, treaties were created between the Crown and Indigenous nations.

Indian Act

The Indian Act is a federal statute created in 1876 that established the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous peoples of Canada. This act and its regulations have dictated many discriminatory practices against Indigenous peoples. Examples include the creation of status versus non-status Indians, denial of the right to vote, prohibited participation in cultural traditions and ceremonies, creation of reserves, and many more. While there have been revisions to the original Indian Act, this legislation still exists and dictates the lives of First Nations.


Indigenous teachings are one way of passing cultural knowledge and education on to others. Teachings are unique to each nation . Most nations have a creation story. For the Ojibwe, the creation story is embodied in the Seven Grandfather Teachings or Seven Sacred Teachings. The medicine wheel is used in many teachings, as well.

Circle with 4 quadrants; East (yellow); South (red); West (black); North (winter)

"Medicine Wheel" by Littlejohn657, adapted by Jennifer Varcoe, is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 .

Text version:
East quadrant, spring, emotional, yellow, tobacco, child
South quadrant, summer, physical, red, cedar, youth
West quadrant, autumn, mental, black, sage, adult
North quadrant, winter, spiritual, white, sweetgrass, elder

Truth and Reconciliation at Georgian

Georgian's Indigenization Strategy has six pillars or strategic priorities: truth and reconciliation, leadership, representation, community engagement, curriculum and pedagogy, and cultural enrichment.

Specifically, the content on this page is intended to support the curriculum and pedagogy pillar by establishing a foundation of resources and information about Indigenization.

For additional resources and information, visit:

Walk Orillia's Truth and Reconciliation Trail and explore each trail marker.

The Indigenous Peoples Education Circle (IPEC) and College Libraries Ontario (CLO) have developed the Maamwi Hub on The Learning Portal. This is a collection of credible and relevant educational materials and resources. Learn about and reflect on Indigenous history, culture, knowledge, and current Indigenous worldviews.

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