Honours Bachelor of Science - Nursing Degree

Bachelor of Science in Nursing BScN nursing nurses

Nursing Person Centered Care & Professional Practice

The phrase person-centered care (PCC) describes an approach to health care plans that creates a holistic care plan informed by the whole person. In PCC, the person is not just a patient or a disease. PPC is a communication model nurses use to engage the person in need of care as a partner in the development of an individualized care plan.


  • Encourages persons in need of care to take an active role in their care by creating learning opportunities that help foster well-being through self-empowerment, self-determination, patient autonomy and advocacy.
  • Asks the nurse to consider aspects of care (i.e. social, cultural) that the person may already incorporate in their personal lives, such as spiritual and emotional needs.

Check out the following nursing documents to learn more about person-centered care:



The Association for the Development of Person-Centered Approach. (2002). The history of the person-centered approach. https://adpca.org/the-history-of-the-pca/

RNAO. (2002). Client centred care. https://rnao.ca/sites/rnao-ca/files/Client_Centred_Care.pdf

RNAO. (2015). Person-and family-centred care. https://rnao.ca/sites/rnao-ca/files/FINAL_Web_Version_0.pdf


Professional practice includes the structure, process and values that support nurses' control over the delivery of nursing care and the environment in which care is delivered. More specifically, the Framework For The Practice of Registered Nurses in Canada, 2015 by the Canadian Nurses Association details the areas involved in professional practice:

  • Registration and Licensure
  • Values
  • Entry-Level Competencies
  • Educational Preparation
  • Scope of Practice
  • The Development of Expertise and Continuing Competence
  • Professional Conduct

Review these key nursing documents for additional information on nursing practice:



Canadian Nurses Association. (2015). RN practice framework. https://www.cna-aiic.ca/en/nursing/regulated-nursing-in-canada/rn-practice-framework2

Community Health Nurses of Canada. (2019). 2019 Canadian community health nursing professional practice model & standards of practice. https://www.chnc.ca/en/standards-of-practice

Collaboration is an important part of the nursing profession and among members of a health-care team. The Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) defines collaboration in the guidelines for Intra-professional Collaborative Practice Among Nurses as: "Working together with one or more members of the health-care team, each of whom makes a unique contribution toward achieving a common goal." The RNAO emphasizes that collaboration is a process that requires effective communication skills.

The College of Nurses of Ontario has an important practice guideline, RN and RPN Practice: The Client, the Nurse and the Environment which contributes towards interprofessional and intraprofessional practice in nursing.


RNAO. (2016). Intra-professional collaborative practice among nurses guidelines. https://rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/intra-professional-collaborative-practice-among-nurses

According to the FPT Committee On Health Workforce: A Vision For The Future Of Nursing In Canada, 2017, rapidly changing health care systems create challenges related to diverse patient and population healthcare needs, sustainability and equal access to health care services. Nurses play an integral role in healthcare leadership to address these challenges in the twenty-first century. Review this report to find out more about the vision for the future of nursing in Canada.

The following RNAO Best Practice Guidelines contribute towards an understanding of nursing in healthcare:



Canadian Indigenous Nurses Association. (2017). Vision for the future of nursing in canada. https://indigenousnurses.ca/resources/publications/vision-future-nursing-canada

According to Florence Nightingale, health was the absence of disease and illness. The definition of health and wellness has evolved and now the World Health Organization defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

In nursing, patients move along the continuum from illness toward health when they are effectively treated; and patients move along the continuum from health to illness as the result of an infection, injury or disease.

It's helpful to review the following documents:



Government of Canada. (2008). What is health? https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/health-promotion/population-health/population-health-approach/what-is-health.html

Registered Nursing.Org. (2022). Health promotion and disease prevention: nclex-rn. https://www.registerednursing.org/nclex/health-promotion-disease-prevention/

World Health Organization. (2012). Health promotion. https://www.who.int/teams/health-promotion/enhanced-wellbeing/first-global-conference

World Health Organization. (n..d.). Constitution. https://www.who.int/about/governance/constitution

According to the College of Nurses of Ontario, the consideration of ethical issues is a vital component of providing care within the therapeutic nurse-client relationship. Nurses face ethical conflict, uncertainty and moral distress in their everyday practice. Ethical dilemmas are often encountered in the healthcare system, in technology and in people's values. 

It's useful to review the following documents for more information on nursing ethics and code of conduct:



From: 41034_Ethics (cno.org)

chat loading... if this message persists, please try reloading your page.