Honours Bachelor of Science - Nursing Degree

Bachelor of Science in Nursing BScN nursing nurses

Nursing Person Centered Care & Professional Practice

What is person-centered care? 

The phrase person-centered care (PCC) originated in humanistic psychotherapy (Carl Rogers, 1951) and is sometimes referred to as person-family centered care. The phrase describes an approach to health care plans, that creates a holistic care plan informed by the whole person (as opposed to care that focuses on the disease only, as in patient-centered care). In PCC, the person is not just a patient or a disease. PPC is a communication model nurses use to engage the person in need of care as a partner in the development of an individualized care plan. PCC encourages persons in need of care to take an active role in their care by creating learning opportunities that help foster well-being through self-empowerment, self-determination, patient autonomy and advocacy. For example, a person in need of care could choose to involve family and friends as active participants in decision-making. This communication model asks the nurse to consider aspects of care (i.e. social, cultural) that the person may already incorporate in their personal lives, such as spiritual and emotional needs; needs that are typically found beyond the walls of the clinic setting yet contribute to the overall health (and healing) of the person.






What is professional practice in nursing? 

Professional practice models (PPM) include the structure, process and values that support nurses' control over the delivery of nursing care and the environment in which care is delivered. For example, the components of the Community Health Nurses of Canada (CHNC) PPM include the following categories: 

  • Client (Individuals, Families, Groups, Communities, Populations, Systems)
  • Community Health Nurses and Nursing Practice
  • Community Organizations
    • Delivery Structure and Process
    • Management Practices
      • Code of Ethics
      • Community Health Nurse
      • Community Health Nursing Standards
      • Discipline Specific Competencies
      • Professional Regulatory Standards
      • Theoretical Foundation
      • Values and Principles
    • Professional Relationships & Partnerships
  • Systems
    • Determinants of Health
    • Government Support 



Collaboration in Nursing

Arnold and Boggs (2019) define effective communication can be defined as "a combination of verbal and nonverbal behaviors integrated for the purpose of sharing information that is timely, accurate, complete, unambiguous, and is understood by the receiver." (p. 443)



Arnold, E., & Boggs, K. U. (2019). Interpersonal relationships : professional communication skills for nurses (Eighth edition.). Saunders.


- leadership

- emerging roles as primary care providers (trending) i.e. being able to order standardized tests (CNO)


- illness-wellness continuum (Dr. john W. Travis, 1972): 6 components of personal health - physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, spiritual

- health promotion - preventative approach

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