Indigenous Health & Reconciliation
The Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) has affirmed that First Nations, Inuit and Métis are diverse populations whose health is affected by all social determinants of health and complex histories of colonialism, racism, and residential schools. In addition, social determinants have a deep impact on disease and recovery experiences within these communities.
Please review the following for the nurse's role and knowledge for Indigenous healthcare:
Canadian Nurses Association. (2022). Indigenous health. https://www.cna-aiic.ca/en/policy-advocacy/advocacy-priorities/indigenous-health
The Arts of Indigenous Health and Well-Being by Nancy Van Styvendale (Editor); J. D. McDougall (Editor); Robert Henry (Editor); Robert Alexander Innes (Editor)
Publication Date: 2021-12-17
Drawing attention to the ways in which creative practices are essential to the health, well-being, and healing of Indigenous peoples, The Arts of Indigenous Health and Well-Being addresses the effects of artistic endeavour on the "good life", or mino-pimatisiwin in Cree, which can be described as the balanced interconnection of physical, emotional, spiritual, and mental well-being. In this interdisciplinary collection, Indigenous knowledges inform an approach to health as a wider set of relations that are central to well-being, wherein artistic expression furthers cultural continuity and resilience, community connection, and kinship to push back against forces of fracture and disruption imposed by colonialism.
Global Indigenous Health by Robert Henry (Editor); Amanda LaVallee (Editor); Nancy Van Styvendale (Editor); Robert Alexander Innes (Editor)
Publication Date: 2018-10-30
Indigenous peoples globally have a keen understanding of their health and wellness through traditional knowledge systems. In the past, traditional understandings of health often intersected with individual, community, and environmental relationships of well-being, creating an equilibrium of living well. However, colonization and the imposition of colonial policies regarding health, justice, and the environment have dramatically impacted Indigenous peoples' health. Building on Indigenous knowledge systems of health and critical decolonial theories, the volume's contributors--who are academic and community researchers from Canada, the United States, Sweden, and New Zealand--weave a narrative to explore issues of Indigenous health within four broad themes: ethics and history, environmental and ecological health, impacts of colonial violence on kinship, and Indigenous knowledge and health activism.
Indigenous Health and Well-Being in the COVID-19 Pandemic by Nicholas D. Spence (Editor); Fatih Sekercioglu (Editor)
Publication Date: 2022-08-31
This book investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health and well-being of Indigenous Peoples and assesses the policy responses taken by governments and Indigenous communities across the world. Bringing together innovative research and policy insights from a range of disciplines, this book investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health and well-being of Indigenous Peoples across the world.
Indigenous Health Ethics: An Appeal To Human Rights by Edited by Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman, and Alireza Bagheri
Publication Date: 2021
This book examines the intersections of bioethics, human rights and health equity. It does so through the contextual lenses of nation states while presenting global themes on rights, colonialism and bioethics. The book is framed by the following propositions on indigenous health: it is a human rights issue; it is located within the politics of colonization; and subjugated indigenous knowledges require restoring.
Indigenous Knowledge and Mental Health : A Global Perspective by David Danto and Masood Zangeneh
Publication Date: 2021
This book brings together Indigenous and allied experts addressing mental health among Indigenous peoples across the traditional territories commonly known as the Americas (e.g. Canada, US, Caribbean Islands, Mexico, Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil), Asia (e.g. China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and Indonesia), Africa (e.g. South Africa, Central and West Africa) and Oceania (New Guinea and Australia) to exchange knowledge, perspectives and methods for mental health research and service delivery.
An Introduction to Indigenous Health and Healthcare in Canada by Vasiliki Douglas
Publication Date: 2020-10-28
This textbook for Canadian nursing and allied health students explores the major health issues of Indigenous populations and how to improve their overall health. The second edition addresses a key development since the first edition was published: an increasing consensus among Indigenous peoples that their health is tied to environmental determinants, both physical and philosophical. This text describes what is distinctive about Indigenous approaches to health and healing and why it should be studied as a discrete field. It provides a framework for professionals to approach Indigenous clients in a way that both respects the client's worldview while retaining a professional epistemology.
Medicine Unbundled: A Journey Through the Minefields of Indigenous Health Care by Gary Geddes
Publication Date: 2017
Gary Geddes turns the investigative lens on his own country, embarking on a long and difficult journey across Canada to interview Indigenous elders willing to share their experiences of segregated health care, including their treatment in the "Indian hospitals" that existed from coast to coast for over half a century. The memories recounted by these survivors from gratuitous drug and surgical experiments to electroshock treatments intended to destroy the memory of sexual abuse are truly harrowing, and will surely shatter any lingering illusions about the virtues or good intentions of our colonial past.
Under-Served : Health Determinants of Indigenous, Inner-City, and Migrant Populations in Canada by Akshaya Neil Arya and Thomas Piggott
Publication Date: 2018
Under-Served brings together the perspectives of academics, front-line health care providers, and policy-makers to examine the historical, political, and social factors that influence the health and health care of under-served populations in Canada, focusing particularly on Indigenous, inner-city, and migrant populations. This text broadens the traditional determinants of health--the social, economic, environmental, and behavioural elements--to include factors like family and community, government policies, mental health and addiction, homelessness and housing, racism, youth, and LGBTQ identity.
The purpose of this text is to offer support to individuals and institutions working towards understanding the colonial history of Canada and its ongoing impact on people who are First Nations, Métis, and Inuit. Skoden is designed to offer opportunities for reflection on what this truth means for each of us personally and professionally. These materials were prepared by Elder Blu Waters, Randy Pitawanakwat, and Darcey Dachyshyn, with the support of many others.
Indigenous Healthcare in Canada
There is much to be learned about Indigenous healthcare in Canada. Consider viewing these videos and visiting key associations about Indigenous health to increase your understanding of the concepts and experiences of health from Indigenous people:
Indigenous Services Canada (Government of Canada)
Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) works collaboratively with partners to improve access to high quality services for First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Their vision is to support and empower Indigenous peoples to independently deliver services and address the socio-economic conditions in their communities.
Institute of Indigenous Peoples' Health (Canadian Institutes of Health Research)
The Institute of Indigenous Peoples' Health (IIPH) fosters the advancement of a national health research agenda to improve and promote the health of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples in Canada, through research, knowledge translation and capacity building. The Institute's pursuit of research excellence is enhanced by respect for community research priorities and Indigenous knowledge, values and cultures.
National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health (NCCIH)
The National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health (NCCIH) is a national Indigenous organization established in 2005 by the Government of Canada and funded through the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) to support First Nations, Inuit, and Métis public health renewal and health equity through knowledge translation and exchange. The NCCIH is hosted by the University of Northern BC (UNBC) in Prince George, BC.
Public Health Agency of Canada (What we heard: Indigenous Peoples and COVID-19)
This report was led by the Waakebiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous Health (WBIIH) at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto and submitted to the Public Health Agency of Canada, 2021.
Statistics on Indigenous Peoples (Statistics Canada)
Statistics Canada provides great information on demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups, Indigenous children, labor and employment and education, learning and skills and income and spending.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada released its summary report, "The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action" on June 2, 2015 after six years of hearings and testimony from more than 6,000 residential school survivors and their loved ones.
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