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APA (7th ed.) Citing Guide: Audiovisual Media

APA 7th Edition

This guide is representative of the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA and focuses on a student paper structure.

APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.

Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.

Effective September 2020.

What is Audiovisual Media?

Audiovisual media refers to audio only, visual only or both combined. The reference page entry should include square brackets [ ] with a brief description of the type of work you are citing. For example, [Film], [Webinar], [Podcast].

Items in this category include:

  • films or videos
  • webinars
  • albums or single songs
  • podcast
  • artwork
  • photographs
  • PowerPoint slides