This guide is representative of the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA and focuses on a student paper structure.
APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.
Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.
Effective September 2020.
News reference list entries typically have all date elements (year, month, day) present. Include all in the reference list entry. Example: (2020, March 17). Volume and issue numbers are not included in a reference list entry.
Note: Some news websites do not have a paper equivalent, for example, HuffPost, CNN, Globall News, CBC. Use the examples on the Webpages & Websites for these.
For another illustration, check the APA Style website here.
Reference list entry:
Matys, F. (2014, April 10). Bid for higher library fees a mistake: Spears.Orillia Today, 10.
Reference list entry: (with author, without author)
Jones, A. (2019, November 28). Province introduces new anti-bullying measures.Toronto Star.
A half-step forward on gun control. (2020, May 4), Globe & Mail.
McMahon, T. (2020, June 28). Facebook under fire as Starbucks, Coca-Cola pull spending, PepsiCo considers halting ads.Globe and Mail, https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-facebook-under-fire-as-starbucks-coca-cola-pull-spending-pepsico/
For all of the examples above, the in-text citation follows the same format. Refer to the Publication Manual, Section 8.17 for explanation with multiple authors.
Parenthetical citation format: (last name of author(s), year)
e.g. (Jones, 2019)
e.g. ("A Half-step Forward on Gun Control", 2020) Note: Title in title case and in quotation marks
Narrative citation format: include the author's or authors' names in the sentence, with the date in brackets
e.g. Jones (2019) wrote...
e.g. In the article "A Half-step Forward on Gun Control", it states ... Note: Title in title case and in quotation marks
More in-text citation information on this guide.