This guide is representative of the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA and focuses on a student paper structure.
APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.
Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.
Effective September 2020.
Reports and gray literature:
When the author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher in the reference list entry to avoid repetition.
Reference list entry:
Abbotsford Community Foundation. (2019). Abbotsford's vital signs. https://www.communityfoundations.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Abbotsford-Community-Foundation.pdf
Toronto Police Service. (2012). Annual statistical report. http://www.torontopolice.on.ca/publications/files/reports/2012statsreport.pdf
Garner, R., Tanuseputro, P., Manuel, D. G., & Sanmartin, C. (2018, May 16). Health reports: Transitions to long-term and residential care among older Canadians. Government of Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-003-x/2018005/article/54966-eng.htm
Environment and Climate Change Canada. (2019). Final report of the expert panel on sustainable finance: Mobilizing finance for sustainable growth. Government of Canada. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2019/eccc/En4-350-2-2019-eng.pdf
College of Nurses of Ontario. (2014). Becoming a nurse. http://www.cno.org/en/become-a-nurse/
Apple Inc. (2020, June 22). Apple announces Mac transition to Apple silicon [Press release]. https://www.apple.com/ca/newsroom/2020/06/apple-announces-mac-transition-to-apple-silicon/
Note: Descriptor in square brackets can be either "Press release" or "Media release" depending on how it is described at the source.
Canadian Nurses Association. (2017). 2017 edition code of ethics for registered nurses. https://www.cna-aiic.ca/~/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/code-of-ethics-2017-edition-secure-interactive
Montgomery, A. (2018). Anxiety reducing drawing activities in secondary education [Master's thesis, Moore College of Art & Design]. ERIC.
For all of the examples above, the in-text citation follows the same format unless noted with the example. Refer to the Publication Manual, Section 8.17 for explanation with multiple authors.
Parenthetical citation format: (last name of author(s), year)
e.g. (Montgomery, 2018)
e.g. (Canadian Nurses Association, 2017)
Narrative citation format: include the author's or authors' names in the sentence, with the date in brackets
e.g. Montgomery (2018) wrote...
e.g. Canadian Nurses Association (2017) wrote...
More in-text citation information on this guide.