Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA (7th ed.) Citing Guide: Databases 0-9, A-K

APA 7th Edition

This guide is representative of the 7th edition Publication Manual of APA and focuses on a student paper structure.

APA examples are not exhaustive and focus on referencing and citations. Assistance from your professor and/or Writing Centre is suggested for clarification.

Users are responsible for interpretation of APA style guidelines and to seek further assistance when necessary.

Effective September 2020.

211ontario.ca

Reference list entry:

211Ontario.ca. (n.d.). David Busby Centre. In 211Ontario.ca online directory of services. Retrieved July 23, 2020, from https://211ontario.ca/36281-2_david-busby-centre-drop-in-services-barrie/  

In-text citation:

(211Ontario.ca, n.d.)

Cochrane (Collaboration and Database of Systematic Reviews)

Reference list entry:

Grande, J.A., Keogh, J., Silva, V., Scott, A.M. (2020). Exercise versus no exercise for the occurrence, severity, and duration of acute respiratory infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010596.pub3

Note: Articles in the Cochrane database are only accessible in that database. Follow the formats for journal references. The database name takes the place of the source.

Compendium of Pharmaceuticals & Specialties (CPS) (Formerly called: RxTx)

Reference list entry:

Canadian Pharmacists Association. (2016, November 1). Acetaminophen. CPS. https://cps.pharmacists.ca/

In-text citations:

(Canadian Pharmacists Association, 2016)

Notes: As recommended by APA Style, use the publisher/distributor Canadian Pharmacists Association in the author field. If a particular author or copyright holder is identified, use that for the author field. Identify the database name as the source. This database has limited access and users would not be able to access the information without a license to the database.

DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)

Referencing the complete manual

Reference list entry (print version):

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

Reference list entry (online version):

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Referencing an entry in the manual

Reference list entry (print version):

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Generalized anxiety disorder. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

Entry in DSM-5 (online version)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Generalized anxiety disorder. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm05

Note: Because the author and publisher are the same, only use the name in the author field to avoid repetition. For further information, see APA Style.

Grant Connect

Reference list entry:

Imagine Canada. (2019, December 3). Robert Kerr Foundation. Grant Connect. Retrieved July 24, 2020, from https://grantconnect.ca/Profile/Index/51215

In-text citation:

(Imagine Canada, 2019)

Note: Include the latest date that the information was updated. Use the database name for the source as the information is available only in that database.

IEEE Conference Proceedings (Book example)

Reference list entry:

Ghosh, S. (2018). Smart homes: Architectural and engineering design imperatives for smart city building codes. In 2018 Technologies for Smart-City Energy Security and Power (ICSESP), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSESP.2018.8376676

For more information see APA Style

IEEE Conference Proceedings (Journal example)

Reference list entry:

Lachs, W. R. (2005). Area-wide system protection scheme against extreme contingencies. Proceedings of the IEEE, USA, 93(5), 1004-1027. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2005.847263

For more information see APA Style